How to lighten pigmentation and discolouration

November 23, 2017

If I had a wand that could make one change to my body, it would probably be to zap the pigmentation from my face (though wanting to zap my cellulite is a close second). I know many women have discolouration and pigmentation too, either as a result of sun damage or hormonal changes.

I got some insight into pigmentation from Skin Renewal, plus some effective options that they use and recommend to clients.

What is pigmentation?

Pigmentation is a chronic skin condition that occurs on the face in the form of brown patches and is a dynamic (active) condition that needs lifelong management.

There are many possible causes of pigmentation disorders, which are marked by changes in melanin, the pigment in skin.These may include progesterone (the Mirena), photosensitizing medications, thyroid dysfunction, stress and dysbiosis.

There’s overwhelming evidence that certain medical conditions are key players in your overall health and are the root cause of your pigmentation problems. Failure to address these conditions will lead to failure of your Hormonal Pigment treatment plan and ALSO lead to chronic disease.

Melasma is more prevalent in darker-complexioned individuals though persons of any race can be affected due to the intense sun exposure in South Africa. This condition is seen most frequently in young women from the age of 28 years but can also be seen in men.

Discolouration-fighting ingredients

1. Vitamin C

Vitamin C is hailed as irreplaceable both for treatments and topical skin care products. It is best known for lightening and brightening the skin and is loaded with anti-aging and antioxidant properties.,

2. Acids

When lightening up discolouration, you must incorporate acids into your skincare. These acids exfoliate away dead skin cells on the uppermost layer of skin and work on the synthesis of melanin.

3. Retinol and retinoids

Any form of vitamin A, in other words, retinol, and retinoids helps to slowly eliminate discolouration.  As a result, retinols are used to reduce epidermal pigmentation and increase cell turnover.

4. Arbutin

Arbutin is the one ingredient that most rivals hydroquinone—in fact, it’s called the “natural hydroquinone” owing to its similar chemical composition minus the potential side effects and risk.


Professional treatments

1. Peels

Professional peels can help improve skin tone, discolouration, and texture of the skin. As a result skin peels are favoured as an affordable option to treat pigmentation, acne scarsand sun damage. As a result, there is a wide variety to choose from depending on the type of discolouration.

Common options include glycolic, mandelic or salicylic acids, with azelaic and kojic acids can be used to help block tyrosinase to even out the colour of the skin.

2. Laser

Laser technology has progressed substantially and therefore the options have become rather extensive. Determining factors are usually price and the type of pigmentation being treated. Top lasers include fractionated lasers, Fraxel, Fraxel Dual, CO2 lasers, Laser Genesis, ND Yag and much more. Because of the risks involved always seek the guidance of a medical professional.

For more info on Skin Renewal and the treatments they offer, head to their website.

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